The other side of victory : war losses in the ancient world
January 8-11, 2015 146th Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA
Date limite : 1er février 2014
Jessica H. Clark, Florida State University
Brian Turner, Portland State University
Nathan Rosenstein, The Ohio State University
Loss is an inevitable fact of war; even the ultimate victors in a conflict might experience a battlefield defeat or sustain severe casualties. No society in the ancient world enjoyed an unbroken record of battlefield success, and most occasionally incurred reverses on a grand scale. We seek papers that illuminate the connection between war and society, exploring the ways in which past cultures addressed – or failed to address – the universal problem of defeat.
Twenty-five years ago, Nathan Rosenstein published a seminal study on the effects of military defeat on the Roman Republic's political elite (1990); Marta Sordi's edited volume on war losses in the ancient world appeared in the same year. Since that time, a slew of conferences and publications have pursued similar topics. But despite the significant bibliography on literary and cultural responses to war, military defeat has not generated a great deal of cross-cultural discussion for the ancient world. The bibliography on this topic continues to expand, but disciplinary divisions militate against consensus on what theoretical or methodological tools are appropriate to studying the defeats of the ancient world. As a result, military-historical, literary-critical, and socio-commemorative approaches to defeat occupy their own intellectual niches, a state of affairs which this panel hopes to address.
Thus we solicit papers that consider how ancient societies responded to loss in war. What tools – whether historiographic, strategic, political, or poetic – were available to individuals and groups in the aftermath of military failure? Did gender, social class, ethnic affiliation, or other markers of identity inform responses to loss? How do the words we use, and the words they used, construct and limit our access to ancient defeats? Areas of inquiry could include the specific practices developed to respond to even short-term losses, visual and verbal vocabularies of defeat, and the intersection of text and monument, history and literature, or ancient and modern in our understanding of the place of military failure in the ancient world. Investigations into areas beyond Greece and Rome are welcome.
Source : APA