Salluste, La Guerre de Jugurtha

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Salluste, La Guerre de Jugurtha, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : Allia
144 pages
ISBN : 979-10-304-0578-1
10 €

Avant Spartacus et Vercingétorix, Jugurtha osa défier la grande Rome. Ambitieux, cruel et sans scrupules, fils d'esclave et neveu de Micipsa, roi de Numidie, le jeune Jugurtha est prêt à tout pour régner. Adopté par le souverain qui craint son ambition et espère ainsi l'amadouer et calmer ses ardeurs guerrières, Jugurtha hérite de sa part du butin aux côtés de ses frères d'adoption lors du décès de son oncle.
Jugurtha n'hésite pas à corrompre les dirigeants romains et parvient à mener à bien son plan : éliminer ses deux adversaires et tout rival qui croiserait sa route afin de s'emparer du trône. Mais c'est sans compter sur le peuple de Rome, qui se révolte bientôt contre les massacres en chaîne et les manœuvres de la noblesse romaine corrompue...

 

Source : Éditions Allia

 

D. Hoyos, Mastering the West. Rome and Carthage at War

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Dexter Hoyos, Mastering the West. Rome and Carthage at War, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Ancient Warfare and Civilization
360 pages
ISBN : 9780190663452
12,99 £

 

To say the Punic Wars (264-146 BC) were a turning-point in world history is a vast understatement. These vicious battles pitted two flourishing Mediterranean powers against one another, leaving one an unrivaled giant and the other a literal pile of ash. To later observers, a collision between these civilizations seemed inevitable and yet, to the Romans and Carthaginians at the time, war erupted seemingly out of nowhere and was expected to be a short and trivial skirmish.
Mastering the West offers a superlative narrative of all three wars as they are generally divided, while treating a full range of themes: the antagonists' military, naval, economic, and demographic resources and strategic opportunities; the political structures of both republics; questions of leadership and the contributions of leaders like Hannibal, Fabius the Delayer, Scipio Africanus, Masinissa, and Scipio Aemilianus; and the postwar impact of the conflicts on the participants and victims. Dexter Hoyos, a leading expert of the period, treats the two great powers evenly, without forgetting the important roles played by Syracuse, Macedon, and especially Numidia. Written with verve in a clear, accessible style, with a range of illustrations and newly-commissioned maps, Mastering the West is sure to restructure our understanding of this critical period in ancient history.

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L. Danckaert, The Development of Latin Clause Structure. A Study of the Extended Verb Phrase

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Lieven Danckaert, The Development of Latin Clause Structure. A Study of the Extended Verb Phrase, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Oxford Studies in Diachronic and Historical Linguistics
384 pages
ISBN : 9780198759522
70 £


This book examines Latin word order, and in particular the relative ordering of i) lexical verbs and direct objects (OV vs VO) and ii) auxiliaries and non-finite verbs (VAux vs AuxV). In Latin these elements can freely be ordered with respect to each other, whereas the present-day Romance languages only allow for the head-initial orders VO and AuxV. Lieven Danckaert offers a detailed, corpus-based description of these two word order alternations, focusing on their diachronic development in the period from c. 200 BC until 600 AD. The corpus data reveal that some received wisdom needs to be reconsidered: there is in fact no evidence for any major increase in productivity of the order VO during the eight centuries under investigation, and the order AuxV only becomes more frequent in clauses with a modal verb and an infinitive, not in clauses with a BE-auxiliary and a past participle. The book also explores a more fundamental question about Latin syntax, namely whether or not the language is configurational, in the sense that a phrase structure grammar (with 'higher-order constituents' such as verb phrases) is needed to describe and analyse Latin word order patterns. Four pieces of evidence are presented that suggest that Latin is indeed a fully configurational language, despite its high degree of word order flexibility. Specifically, it is shown that there is ample evidence for the existence of a verb phrase constituent. The book thus contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the status of configurationality as a language universal.

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