J. E. Salisbury, Rome's Christian Empress. Galla Placidia Rules at the Twilight of the Empire

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Joyce E. Salisbury, Rome's Christian Empress. Galla Placidia Rules at the Twilight of the Empire, Baltimore, 2015.

Éditeur : Johns Hopkins University Press
248 pages
ISBN : 9781421417004
34,95 $

In Rome's Christian Empress, Joyce E. Salisbury brings the captivating story of Rome's Christian empress to life. The daughter of Roman emperor Theodosius I, Galla Placidia lived at the center of imperial Roman power during the first half of the fifth century. Taken hostage after the fall of Rome to the Goths, she was married to the king and, upon his death, to a Roman general. The rare woman who traveled throughout Italy, Gaul, and Spain, she eventually returned to Rome, where her young son was crowned as the emperor of the western Roman provinces. Placidia served as his regent, ruling the Roman Empire and the provinces for twenty years.

Salisbury restores this influential, too-often forgotten woman to the center stage of this crucial period. Describing Galla Placidia's life from childhood to death while detailing the political and military developments that influenced her—and that she influenced in turn—the book relies on religious and political sources to weave together a narrative that combines social, cultural, political, and theological history.

The Roman world changed dramatically during Placidia's rule: the Empire became Christian, barbarian tribes settled throughout the West, and Rome began its unmistakable decline. But during her long reign, Placidia wielded formidable power. She fended off violent invaders and usurpers who challenged her Theodosian dynasty; presided over the dawn of the Catholic Church as theological controversies split the faithful and church practices and holidays were established; and spent fortunes building churches and mosaics that incorporated prominent images of herself and her family. Compulsively readable, Rome's Christian Empress is the first full-length work to give this fascinating and complex ruler her due.


Source : Johns Hopkins University Press


V. Rudich, Religious Dissent in the Roman Empire. Violence in Judaea at the Time of Nero

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Vasily Rudich, Religious Dissent in the Roman Empire. Violence in Judaea at the Time of Nero, Londres-New York, 2015.

Éditeur : Routledge
Collection : Rouledge Monographs in Classical Studies
xxiv, 350 pages
ISBN : 978-0-415-16106-0
160 $

Religious Dissent in the Roman Empire is the third installment in Vasily Rudich's trilogy on the psychology of discontent in the Roman Empire at the time of Nero. Unlike his earlier books, it deals not with political dissidence, but with religious dissent, especially in its violent form. Against the broad background of Second Temple Judaism and Judaea's history under Rome's rule, Rudich discusses various manifestations of religious dissent as distinct from the mainstream beliefs and directed against both the foreign occupier and the priestly establishment. This book offers the methodological framework for the analysis of the religious dissent mindset, which it considers a recurrent historical phenomenon that may play a major role in different periods and cultures. In this respect, its findings are also relevant to the rise of religious violence in the world today and provide further insights into its persistent motives and paradigms. Religious Dissent in the Roman Empire is an important study for people interested in Roman and Jewish history, religious psychology and religious extremism, cultural interaction and the roots of violence.


Source : Routledge


D. Wardle, Suetonius. Life of Augustus

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D. Wardle, Suetonius. Life of Augustus, Oxford, 2015.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Clarendon Ancient History Series
300 pages
ISBN : 9780199686469
49,50 $ (broché)

Suetonius' Life of Augustus is the most commonly read ancient account of the life of Rome's first emperor, presenting a mass of historical and biographical detail about both his public and personal lives. This volume provides the first large-scale commentary on Suetonius' work in English, drawing out what is unique about Suetonius' information, discussing how it relates to other ancient accounts, and assessing its historical reliability.

The commentary is the first to be accessible to readers without any knowledge of Latin or Greek due to its use of English lemmata, while the new translation remains faithful to the original Latin. Accompanied by an introduction which investigates the career of Suetonius, the date of the Lives of the Caesars, the structure of the Life of Augustus, the various sources utilized by Suetonius, and the way in which the reader should approach this complex text, the commentary also looks to examine Suetonius' work not just as a repository of facts, but as a literary artefact carefully constructed by its author.


Source : Oxford University Press


J. Wienand, Contested Monarchy. Integrating the Roman Empire in the Fourth Century AD

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Johannes Wienand (éd.), Contested Monarchy. Integrating the Roman Empire in the Fourth Century AD, Oxford, 2015.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Oxford Studies in Late Antiquity
552 pages
ISBN : 9780199768998
99 $

Contested Monarchy reappraises the wide-ranging and lasting transformation of the Roman monarchy between the Principate and Late Antiquity. The book takes as its focus the century from Diocletian to Theodosius I (284-395), a period during which the stability of monarchical rule depended heavily on the emperor's mobility, on collegial or dynastic rule, and on the military resolution of internal political crises. At the same time, profound religious changes modified the premises of political interaction and symbolic communication between the emperor and his subjects, and administrative and military readjustments changed the institutional foundations of the Roman monarchy. This volume concentrates on the measures taken by emperors of this period to cope with the changing framework of their rule. The collection examines monarchy along three distinct yet intertwined fields: Administering the Empire, Performing the Monarchy, and Balancing Religious Change. Each field possesses its own historiography and methodology, and accordingly has usually been treated separately. This volume's multifaceted approach builds on recent scholarship and trends to examine imperial rule in a more integrated fashion. With new work from a wide range of international scholars, Contested Monarchy offers a fresh survey of the role of the Roman monarchy in a period of significant and enduring change.


Source : Oxford University Press


R. Woolf, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic

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Raphael Woolf, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic, Londres-New York, 2015.

Éditeur : Routledge
260 pages
ISBN : 978-1-84465-841-1
49,95 $ (paperback)

Cicero's philosophical works introduced Latin audiences to the ideas of the Stoics, Epicureans and other schools and figures of the post-Aristotelian period, thus influencing the transmission of those ideas through later history. While Cicero's value as documentary evidence for the Hellenistic schools is unquestioned, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic explores his writings as works of philosophy that do more than simply synthesize the thought of others, but instead offer a unique viewpoint of their own. In this volume Raphael Woolf describes and evaluates Cicero's philosophical achievements, paying particular attention to his relation to those philosophers he draws upon in his works, his Romanizing of Greek philosophy, and his own sceptical and dialectical outlook. The volume aims, using the best tools of philosophical, philological and historical analysis, to do Cicero justice as a distinctive philosophical voice.

Situating Cicero's work in its historical and political context, this volume provides a detailed analysis of the thought of one of the finest orators and writers of the Roman period. Written in an accessible and engaging style, Cicero: The Philosophy of a Roman Sceptic is a key resource for those interested in Cicero's role in shaping Classical philosophy.


Source : Routledge


Donatien De Bruyne, Summaries, Divisions and Rubrics of the Latin Bible

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Donatien De Bruyne, Summaries, Divisions and Rubrics of the Latin Bible, Turnhout, 2015.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Studia Traditionis Theologiae. Explorations in Early and Medieval Theology
xxxviii + 602 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-55533-1
75 € HT

Dom Donation De Bruyne's work of a century ago has been all but unobtainable since it was first published quasi-anonymously just before the outbreak of the Great War. Originally conceived as an instrumentum laboris to the great Benedictine project to produce a critical edition of the Vulgate, it now has a new life as a unique collection of the division systems that were used with the biblical books before the twelfth century. These constitute a primary interpretation of the text, anterior to, and more pervasive in influence than any work of formal biblical exegesis.

This collection makes available the raw material for a new chapter in the study of the Latin bible and the study of its reception in the later patristic and medieval periods. Moreover, it may usher in a new chapter in the history of biblical exegesis.

Donatien De Bruyne (1871-1935), a monk of the abbey of Maredsous (Belgium), worked from 1907 onward as a member of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Vulgate. Visiting the European libraries he collected a great amount of material for the critical edition of the Vulgate, with a special attention to the Old Latin and also to 'parabiblical' texts such as summaries, divisions, and prefaces, a care uncommon at that time. His expertise in Latin palaeography and patristics was broadly recognised.

Source : Brepols


Alban Baudou, Séverine Clément-Tarantino, À l'école de Virgile

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Alban Baudou, Séverine Clément-Tarantino (dir.), À l'école de Virgile, Villeneuve d'Ascq, 2015.

Éditeur : Presses Universitaires du Septentrion
Collection : Mythographes
480 pages
ISBN : 978-2-7574-0881-0
32 €

Les lettrés du Moyen Âge ont trouvé dans le commentaire de Servius à Virgile une ample matière mythographique et une méthode de lecture active, pouvant nourrir l'interprétation des poètes antiques et l'invention de nouvelles fictions. Jusqu'à la fin de la Renaissance les éditions de l'Énéide n'étaient pas séparées de ces gloses, dont nous publions ici le premier livre, traduit intégralement pour la première fois en français.
Plutôt que d'isoler ce qui relèverait plus spécifiquement de la mythographie, nous avons voulu permettre au lecteur d'aujourd'hui, peu familiarisé avec les anciens grammairiens, d'en apprécier la foisonnante multiplicité d'approches. Expliquer la complexité des formules poétiques, comme le fait Servius, n'est pas seulement faire œuvre d'éducateur, c'est un geste herméneutique qui révèle la richesse polysémique des mythes et des fictions. Les anciens qui apprenaient à lire dans Virgile trouvaient dans les mythes une initiation à toutes les sciences, et leur pratique de l'interprétation était assez ouverte pour laisser libre cours à l'imagination. C'est le poète à l'œuvre que révèle la lecture de Servius, dans sa manière de donner sens aux choses par les mots. L'ensemble des gloses antiques et médiévales transmises depuis le IVe siècle sous le nom de Servius fait partie du patrimoine culturel européen, pour avoir exercé des générations de lecteurs à relier culture lettrée, connaissance de la nature et sciences de l'homme.

Source : Presses universitaires du Septentrion


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