H. W. Auden, Kalligraphia. Comment écrire comme Platon ?

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Henry William Auden, Kalligraphia. Comment écrire comme Platon ?, traduction de Jérémie Pinguet, préface d'Estelle Oudot, Paris, 2018.

Éditeur : Éditions Rue d'Ulm
Collection : Versions françaises
194 pages
ISBN : 9782728805945
12 €

Si Montaigne, au premier livre de ses "Essais", exhortait son lecteur à « voyager pour frotter et limer sa cervelle contre celle d'autrui », cette phraséologie invite à rejoindre, à travers les siècles, les grands auteurs de la langue grecque, en offrant l'occasion de fréquenter leurs mots et leur pensée.
Florilège de citations éparses, regroupées par thèmes, ce livre se révèlera particulièrement utile aux étudiants qui pratiquent le thème grec et aux agrégatifs qui vont s'affronter à cette épreuve. En regroupant plusieurs centaines d'expressions idiomatiques, Auden engage les étudiants à faire leurs propres choix dans les textes qu'ils sont amenés à lire, pour mettre en oeuvre une véritable innutrition.
La « kalligraphie » (Plutarque) prend ainsi chair non seulement dans la formation des lettres grecques mais également dans l'emploi d'un beau style, que les auteurs du passé peuvent façonner encore aujourd'hui.

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P. Brown, The Ransom of the Soul: Afterlife and Wealth in Early Western Christianity

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Peter Brown, The Ransom of the Soul: Afterlife and Wealth in Early Western Christianity, Cambridge [MA] - Londres, 2018.

Éditeur : Harvard University Press
288 pages
ISBN : 9780674983977
15,95 $


Marking a departure in our understanding of Christian views of the afterlife from 250 to 650 CE, The Ransom of the Soul explores a revolutionary shift in thinking about the fate of the soul that occurred around the time of Rome's fall. Peter Brown describes how this shift transformed the Church's institutional relationship to money and set the stage for its domination of medieval society in the West.
Early Christian doctrine held that the living and the dead, as equally sinful beings, needed each other in order to achieve redemption. The devotional intercessions of the living could tip the balance between heaven and hell for the deceased. In the third century, money began to play a decisive role in these practices, as wealthy Christians took ever more elaborate steps to protect their own souls and the souls of their loved ones in the afterlife. They secured privileged burial sites and made lavish donations to churches. By the seventh century, Europe was dotted with richly endowed monasteries and funerary chapels displaying in marble splendor the Christian devotion of the wealthy dead.
In response to the growing influence of money, Church doctrine concerning the afterlife evolved from speculation to firm reality, and personal wealth in the pursuit of redemption led to extraordinary feats of architecture and acts of generosity. But it also prompted stormy debates about money's proper use—debates that resonated through the centuries and kept alive the fundamental question of how heaven and earth could be joined by human agency.

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K. Lomas, The Rise of Rome: From the Iron Age to the Punic Wars

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Kathryn Lomas, The Rise of Rome: From the Iron Age to the Punic Wars, Cambridge [MA] - Londres, 2018.

Éditeur : The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press
Collection : History of the Ancient World
432 pages
ISBN : 9780674659650
35 $


By the third century BC, the once-modest settlement of Rome had conquered most of Italy and was poised to build an empire throughout the Mediterranean basin. What transformed a humble city into the preeminent power of the region? In The Rise of Rome, the historian and archaeologist Kathryn Lomas reconstructs the diplomatic ploys, political stratagems, and cultural exchanges whereby Rome established itself as a dominant player in a region already brimming with competitors. The Latin world, she argues, was not so much subjugated by Rome as unified by it. This new type of society that emerged from Rome's conquest and unification of Italy would serve as a political model for centuries to come.
Archaic Italy was home to a vast range of ethnic communities, each with its own language and customs. Some such as the Etruscans, and later the Samnites, were major rivals of Rome. From the late Iron Age onward, these groups interacted in increasingly dynamic ways within Italy and beyond, expanding trade and influencing religion, dress, architecture, weaponry, and government throughout the region. Rome manipulated preexisting social and political structures in the conquered territories with great care, extending strategic invitations to citizenship and thereby allowing a degree of local independence while also fostering a sense of imperial belonging.
In the story of Rome's rise, Lomas identifies nascent political structures that unified the empire's diverse populations, and finds the beginnings of Italian peoplehood.

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Br. W. Breed, E. Keitel et R. Wallace (éd.), Lucilius and Satire in Second-Century BC Rome

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Brian W. Breed, Elizabeth Keitel et Rex Wallace (éd.), Lucilius and Satire in Second-Century BC Rome, Cambridge, 2018.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
332 pages
ISBN : 9781107189553
75 £


This volume considers linguistic, cultural, and literary trends that fed into the creation of Roman satire in second-century BC Rome. Combining approaches drawn from linguistics, Roman history, and Latin literature, the chapters share a common purpose of attempting to assess how Lucilius' satires functioned in the social environment in which they were created and originally read. Particular areas of focus include audiences for satire, the mixing of varieties of Latin in the satires, and relationships with other second-century genres, including comedy, epic, and oratory. Lucilius' satires emerged at a time when Rome's new status as an imperial power and its absorption of influences from the Greek world were shaping Roman identity. With this in mind the book provides new perspectives on the foundational identification of satire with what it means to be Roman and satire's unique status as 'wholly ours' tota nostra among Latin literary genres.

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Cl. Coombe, Claudian the Poet

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Clare Coombe, Claudian the Poet, Cambridge, 2018.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
254 pages
ISBN : 9781107058347
75 £


This comprehensive reassessment of the carmina maiora of the fourth-century poet Claudian contributes to the growing trend to recognize that Late Antique poets should be approached as just that: poets. Its methodology is developed from that of Michael Roberts' seminal The Jeweled Style. It analyzes Claudian's poetics and use of story telling to argue that the creation of a story world in which Stilicho, his patron, becomes an epic hero, and the barbarians are giants threatening both the borders of Rome and the order of the very universe is designed to convince his audience of a world-view in which it is only the Roman general who stands between them and cosmic chaos. The book also argues that Claudian uses the same techniques to promote the message that Honorius, young hero though he may seem, is not yet fit to rule, and that Stilicho's rightful position remains as his regent.

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A. Vasaly, Livy's Political Philosophy: Power and Personality in Early Rome

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Ann Vasaly, Livy's Political Philosophy: Power and Personality in Early Rome, Cambridge, 2018.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
221 pages
ISBN : 9781107667945
18,99 £


This volume explores the political implications of the first five books of Livy's celebrated history of Rome, challenging the common perception of the author as an apolitical moralist. Ann Vasaly argues that Livy intended to convey through the narration of particular events crucial lessons about the interaction of power and personality, including the personality of the Roman people as a whole. These lessons demonstrate the means by which the Roman republic flourished in the distant past and by which it might be revived in Livy's own corrupt time. Written at the precise moment when Augustus' imperial autocracy was replacing the republican system that had existed in Rome for almost 500 years, the stories of the first pentad offer invaluable insight into how republics and monarchies work. Vasaly's innovative study furthers the integration in recent scholarship of the literary brilliance of Livy's text and the seriousness of its purpose.

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A. M. Wasyl, Alcestis barcelońska oraz centon Alcesta

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Anna Maria Wasyl, Alcestis barcelońska oraz centon Alcesta. Późnoantyczne spojrzenie na mit i gatunek, Kraków (Cracovie), 2018.

Éditeur : Wydawnictwo UJ /Jagiellonian University Press
256 pages
ISBN : 978-83-233-4385-1
39.90 PLN

The Barcelona Alcestis and the cento Alcesta can be considered – with no exaggeration at all – two very important examples of the exploitation of the Alcestis myth in Latin literature. In addition – if we take into account the period when they were composed – they both show how the Alcestis myth was read in late antiquity, in a period already marked by the influence of the Christian culture, even though – and this is no less intriguing – none of them offers us a strictly Christian reinterpretation of the story of Alcestis and Admetus. […]
The two minor poems on Alcestis exemplify remarkably well the features that might be considered typical of late antique poetics and literary aesthetics, with their compositional idiosyncrasies, rich intertextual texture, playfulness, finesse, learnedness, and an additional quality, often described in literary studies as ‘poetological self-consciousness'. If we add to all that the fact that at least one of the poems in question (possibly) introduces us into the world of ancient female literature (though, as a matter of fact, because of their specific topic this is peculiar to them both), we need not find further arguments to show that they deserve more scholarly attention on our part.

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