Publications

M. Poo, H. A. Drake et L. Raphals (éd.), Old Society, New Belief

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Mu-chou Poo, H. A. Drake et Lisa Raphals (éd.), Old Society, New Belief. Religious transformation of China and Rome, ca. 1st-6th Centuries, Oxford-New York, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
368 pages
ISBN : 9780190278359
47,99 £

 

In the first century of the Common Era, two new belief systems entered long-established cultures with radically different outlooks and values: missionaries started to spread the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth in Rome and the Buddha in China. Rome and China were not only ancient cultures, but also cultures whose elites felt no need to receive the new beliefs. Yet a few centuries later the two new faiths had become so well-established that their names were virtually synonymous with the polities they had entered as strangers. Although there have been numerous studies addressing this phenomenon in each field, the difficulty of mastering the languages and literature of these two great cultures has prevented any sustained effort to compare the two influential religious traditions at their initial period of development.
This book brings together specialists in the history and religion of Rome and China with a twofold aim. First, it aims to show in some detail the similarities and differences each religion encountered in the process of merging into a new cultural environment. Second, by juxtaposing the familiar with the foreign, it also aims to capture aspects of this process that could otherwise be overlooked. This approach is based on the general proposition that, when a new religious belief begins to make contact with a society that has already had long honored beliefs, certain areas of contention will inevitably ensue and changes on both sides have to take place. There will be a dynamic interchange between the old and the new, not only on the narrowly defined level of "belief," but also on the entire cultural body that nurtures these beliefs. Thus, this book aims to reassess the nature of each of these religions, not as unique cultural phenomena but as part of the whole cultural dynamics of human societies.

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M. Philonenko, Y. Lehmann et L. Pernot (éd.), Les Mystères : nouvelles perspectives.

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Marc Philonenko, Yves Lehmann et Laurent Pernot (éd.), Les Mystères : nouvelles perspectives. Entretiens de Strasbourg, Turnhout, 2017.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Recherches sur les rhétoriques religieuses
200 pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-57050-1
65 €

 

Ce volume pluridisciplinaire propose une étude comparatiste et critique du phénomène des mystères dans les grandes religions de l'Antiquité, ainsi que des prolongements jusqu'au Moyen Âge et à la Réforme.

This multidisciplinary volume features a comparative and critical study of the mysteries in the major religions of the Antiquity. It considers ceremonies, rituals, sacraments and the theological content, made up of doctrine and dogma. The domains taken into consideration include Greek and Roman paganism, Judaism and Christianity, Mazdeism, Eastern cults, as well as their prolongations until the Middle Ages and the Reformation. This study has as a starting point the vocabulary and the linguistic transpositions and exchanges, in order to move on to the wider field of the major religious and philosophical issues.
Profound unity of the theme in this volume is due to the theme's paradoxically great nature. Any mystery is intended to be revealed. It kindles great expectations and appears concealed only to be better disclosed. This promising dialectic construction explains the crucial role played by mysteries in the history of religions.

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A. Junghanß, Zur Bedeutung von Wohltaten für das Gedeihen von Gemeinschaft

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Antje Junghanß, Zur Bedeutung von Wohltaten für das Gedeihen von Gemeinschaft, Stuttgart, 2017.

Éditeur : Franz Steiner Verlag
Collection : Palingenesia
277 pages
ISBN : 978-3-515-11857-6
56 €

Senecas Schrift "De beneficiis" ist einzigartig in der uns überlieferten Literatur der griechisch-römischen Antike. Gleichwohl gehört "De beneficiis" in eine lange Reihe – für uns leider nicht überlieferter – themengleicher Traktate, die ebenfalls von Stoikern verfasst wurden. Das Interesse an der Materie entspringt deren Relevanz für die stoische Ethik: Diese kreist um die Frage gemeinschaftlichen Miteinanders, welches als die dem Menschen gemäße Lebensform gilt.
In der römischen Literatur finden sich – wenngleich weniger ausführlich und mit je anderem Fokus – bei Cicero und Laktanz ebenfalls stoisch rückgebundene Annäherungen an die Thematik. Doch wenngleich Cicero, Seneca und Laktanz die Überzeugung der gemeinschaftsstiftenden Kraft von Wohltaten teilen, sind ihre Begründungen, in welcher Weise wohltätiges Verhalten gemeinschaftliches Miteinander befördert, sehr verschieden. Und auch in ihren Vorstellungen, welche Form von Gemeinschaft durch Wohltaten gestiftet bzw. gestärkt wird, unterscheiden sie sich maßgeblich voneinander.

 

Source : Franz Steiner Verlag

 

Arn. Jönsson et Gr. Vogt-Spira, The Classical Tradition in the Baltic Region

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Arne Jönsson et Gregor Vogt-Spira, The Classical Tradition in the Baltic Region: Perceptions and Adaptations of Greece and Rome, Hildesheim, 2017.

Éditeur : Olms
Collection : Spudasmata
600 pages
ISBN : 978-3-487-15583-8
98 €

Antikerezeption in Nord- und Nordosteuropa ist ein Forschungsfeld, das übergreifend weithin unerschlossen ist. Dabei haben die Länder rings um die Ostsee nicht zuletzt durch vier Universitätsgründungen bereits vor 1500 seit alters an diesem transnationalen Diskurs teil.
Der Band stellt erstmals paradigmatisch Formen und Profile der Auseinandersetzung mit der Antike in diesem Raum vor. In der reich ausgebildeten Latinität sind ebenso charakteristische Beiträge zu entdecken wie in Übersetzungen, literarischen Rezeptionen und kulturellen Verankerungen der Antike insgesamt. Ein Akzent liegt auf der Bildungs- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, darunter Pionierstudien zur Klassischen Philologie in Riga (Lettland) und Vilnius (Litauen) in dem von Umbrüchen geprägten letzten Jahrhundert. Der Band ist hervorgegangen aus dem Netzwerk Colloquium Balticum, das in einer deutsch-schwedischen Initiative im Jahr 2001 gegründet wurde.

 

Source : Olms

 

T. Gueue, Juvenal and the Poetics of Anonymity

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Tom Gueue, Juvenal and the Poetics of Anonymity, Cambridge, 2017.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 9781108416344
75 £

 

The satirist Juvenal remains one of antiquity's greatest question marks. His Satires entered the mainstream of the classical tradition with nothing more than an uncertain name and a dubious biography to recommend them. Tom Geue argues that the missing author figure is no mere casualty of time's passage, but a startling, concerted effect of the Satires themselves. Scribbling dangerous social critique under a historical maximum of paranoia, Juvenal harnessed this dark energy by wiping all traces of himself - signature, body, biographical snippets, social connections - from his reticent texts. This last major ambassador of a once self-betraying genre took a radical leap into the anonymous. Juvenal and the Poetics of Anonymity tracks this mystifying self-concealment over the whole Juvenalian corpus. Through probing close readings, it shows how important the missing author was to this satire, and how that absence echoes and amplifies the neurotic politics of writing under surveillance.

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D. W. Billings, Acts of the Apostles and the Rhetoric of Roman Imperialism Read

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Drew W. Billings, Acts of the Apostles and the Rhetoric of Roman Imperialism Read, Cambridge, 2017.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
ISBN : 9781107187856
75 £

 

Acts of the Apostles is normally understood as a historical report of events of the early church and serves as the organizing centerpiece of the New Testament canon. In this book, Drew W. Billings demonstrates that Acts was written in conformity with broader representational trends and standards found on imperial monuments and in the epigraphic record of the early second century. Bringing an interdisciplinary approach to a text of critical importance, he compares the methods of representation in Acts with visual and verbal representations that were common during the reign of the Roman emperor Trajan (98-117 CE). Billings argues that Acts adopts the rhetoric of Roman imperialism as articulated in the images and texts from the period. His study bridges the fields of classics, art history, gender studies, Jewish studies, and New Testament studies in exploring how early Christian texts relate to wider patterns in the cultural production of the Roman Empire.

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L. Curtis, Imagining the Chorus in Augustan Poetry

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Lauren Curtis, Imagining the Chorus in Augustan Poetry , Cambridge, 2017.

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
282 pages
ISBN : 9781107188785
75 £

 

From archaic Sparta to classical Athens the chorus was a pervasive feature of Greek social and cultural life. Until now, however, its reception in Roman literature and culture has been little appreciated. This book examines how the chorus is reimagined in a brief but crucial period in the history of Latin literature, the early Augustan period from 30 to 10 BCE. It argues that in the work of Horace, Virgil, and Propertius, the language and imagery of the chorus articulate some of their most pressing concerns surrounding social and literary belonging in a rapidly changing Roman world. By re-examining seminal Roman texts such as Horace's Odes and Virgil's Aeneid from this fresh perspective, the book connects the history of musical culture with Augustan poetry's interrogation of fundamental questions surrounding the relationship between individual and community, poet and audience, performance and writing, Greek and Roman, and tradition and innovation.

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