O. Capello, The School of Doubt Skepticism, History and Politics in Cicero's Academica

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Orazio Capello, The School of Doubt Skepticism, History and Politics in Cicero's Academica, Leyde-Boston, 2019.

Éditeur : Brill
Collection : Brill Studies in Skepticism
361 pages
ISBN : 978-90-04-38987-8
175 €

The School of Doubt conducts a close philological and philosophical reading of Cicero’s Academica, a fragmentary work on sense-perception and Academic history written in the wake of Caesar’s victory in the civil wars (45 BCE). Focusing in turn on the author’s letters discussing the process of composition, the historiographical treatment of the Platonic tradition and the critical exploration of philosophical doubt, this volume presents Cicero as an original and sophisticated historian of philosophy and a radical figure in Western skeptical thought. Widely misconstrued as a technical treatise and a mere chronicle of the Greek debates on which it draws, the Academica here emerges as a key work in the evolution of Ciceronian philosophy and of ancient skepticism – and one that responds directly to the disintegration of Republican Rome.

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J. Hell, The Conquest of Ruins. The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome

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Julia Hell, The Conquest of Ruins. The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome, Chicago, 2019.

Éditeur : Chicago of University Press
576 pages
ISBN : 9780226588193
35 $


The Roman Empire has been a source of inspiration and a model for imitation for Western empires practically since the moment Rome fell. Yet, as Julia Hell shows in The Conquest of Ruins, what has had the strongest grip on aspiring imperial imaginations isn't that empire's glory but its fall—and the haunting monuments left in its wake.
Hell examines centuries of European empire-building—from Charles V in the sixteenth century and Napoleon's campaigns of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries to the atrocities of Mussolini and the Third Reich in the 1930s and '40s—and sees a similar fascination with recreating the Roman past in the contemporary image. In every case—particularly that of the Nazi regime—the ruins of Rome seem to represent a mystery to be solved: how could an empire so powerful be brought so low? Hell argues that this fascination with the ruins of greatness expresses a need on the part of would-be conquerors to find something to ward off a similar demise for their particular empire.

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A. Augoustakis, E. Buckley et Cl. Stocks (éd.), Fides in Flavian Literature

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Antony Augoustakis, Emma Buckley et Claire Stocks (dir.), Fides in Flavian Literature, Toronto, 2019.

Éditeur : University of Toronto Press
Collection : Phoenix
304 pages
ISBN : 9781487505530
56,25 $


Fides in Flavian literature explores the ideology of "good faith" (fides) during the time of the emperors Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian (69–96 CE), the new imperial dynasty that gained power in the wake of the civil wars of the period. The contributors to this volume consider the significance and semantic range of this Roman value in works that deal in myth, history in prose and verse, and the poetry of contemporary society. Though it does not claim to offer the comprehensive "last word" on fides in Flavian Rome, it aims to show that fides in this period was subjected to a particularly striking and special brand of contestation and re-conceptualization, used to interrogate the broad cultural changes and anxieties of the Flavian period, as well as connect to a republican and imperial past. The editors argue that fides was both a vehicle for reconciliation and a means to test the nature of "good faith" in the wake of a devastating and divisive period of Roman history.

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R. D. Sider (éd.), The New Testament Scholarship of Erasmus: An introduction

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Robert D. Sider (éd.), The New Testament Scholarship of Erasmus: An introduction, Toronto, 2019.

Éditeur : University of Toronto Press
Collection : Collected Works of Erasmus
1096 pages
ISBN : 9780802092229
300 $


Erasmus produced his five editions of the New Testament in Greek and Latin and his Paraphrases on the Gospels and Epistles almost contemporaneously with the tumultuous events that accompanied the beginnings of the Reformation in Europe. At the same time, his scholarship was a signal illustration of the Christian Humanism of northern Europe. His remarkable scholarship is translated and annotated in the Collected Works of Erasmus, volumes 42-60, published by the University of Toronto Press.
This volume, CWE 41, seeks to set in perspective in a major introductory essay the full range of that scholarship. It traces the origin of Erasmus' work and its development over the course of the last two decades of his life, placing the work on the New Testament in the context of his life and the political and religious events of his age, revealing the endeavour as a process, and thus giving the reader illuminating points of reference for the many cryptic allusions in his annotations and paraphrases. The book includes an annotated translation of three of Erasmus' major writings on Scripture and its interpretation -- the Paraclesis, the Ratio verae theologiae ('System of True Theology'), and the Apologia (defense of his work). It includes as well some of his further attempts to clarify his endeavour -- relevant letters and a vitriolic response to his 'crabby critics' (Contra morosos). The volume offers a unique insight into the production of Erasmus' scholarship in book form, illustrating abundantly the special features that made his editions of the New Testament and his Paraphrases both esthetically pleasing and effectively marketable products.

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R. Franchi, Dalla Grande Madre alla madre: la maternità nel mondo classico e cristiano. Vol. II, Roma

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Roberta Franchi, Dalla Grande Madre alla madre: la maternità nel mondo classico e cristiano. Vol. II, Roma, Alessandria, 2019.

Éditeur : Edizioni dell'Orso
Collection : Hellenica
X-390 pages
ISBN : 978-88-6274-889-6
48 €

Nella Roma di III secolo a.C., durante gli anni della seconda guerra punica, che mette a dura prova la città, i Romani decidono di consultare i Libri sibillini: per salvare Roma c'è bisogno della protezione di un'antica divinità anatolica: la Magna Mater Cibele. E così, dall'Oriente Cibele giunge a Roma per offrire sostegno a una città stremata. Significativo è il risalto dato nelle fonti antiche al ruolo giocato dalle matrone romane in occasione dell'arrivo della Grande Madre. Roma, fondata sulla figura preminente del paterfamilias, riconosce un certo prestigio alle matrone. E proprio la maternità è al centro della storia romana. Una serie di madri minori e surrogate, umane e divine, appartenenti al mondo animale o vegetale, si staglia con forza: da Rea Silvia, madre di Romolo e Remo, alla lupa che allatta i due gemelli; dalla dea Rumina alla casta Lucrezia. Nonostante l'indiscussa autorità del padre, alla madre è affidato l'importante compito di educare i figli. Donna colta e di stirpe illustre, Cornelia, madre dei Gracchi, diventa la madre per eccellenza. Accanto a lei, spiccano madri non meno famose: Aurelia, madre di Giulio Cesare; Servilia, madre di Marco Giunio Bruto; Azia, madre di Augusto; Elvia, madre di Seneca. A Roma le madri hanno un nome e un volto: non tanto il mito, quanto la storia con madri ‘in carne e ossa'. Una storia minore, forse, ma non meno appassionante, fatta di sentimenti, intrighi e lotte per il potere. Con l'avvento di Augusto, la maternità, la castità e la nobiltà trovano un modello concreto in Livia e Ottavia. Astute, scaltre e simulatrici, a partire da Livia molte madri dei futuri imperatori manipolano la vita dei figli. Il potere della maternità viene alla ribalta: la maternità è giunta al potere.


Source : Edizioni dell'Orso


Fr. Meins, Paradigmatische Geschichte

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Friedrich Meins, Paradigmatische Geschichte: Wahrheit, Theorie und Methode in den "Antiquitates Romanae" des Dionysios, Stuttgart, 2019.

Éditeur : Franz Steiner Verlag
Collection : Palingenesia
169 pages
ISBN : 978-3-515-12250-4
44 €

Was ist Wahrheit? Auf diese zentrale Frage jeder wissenschaftlichen Methodendiskussion kannte schon die Antike höchst unterschiedliche Antworten – auch die Historiographie bildet hier keine Ausnahme. Vor dem Hintergrund der Frage nach dem Wesen historischer Wahrheit widmet sich Friedrich Meins den Antiquitates Romanae des Dionysios von Halikarnassos. Während diese lange als Beispiel einer kolportageartigen "rhetorischen Geschichtsschreibung" ohne Quellenwert galten, rücken sie als Zeugnis ihres Entstehungsumfeldes nun wieder vermehrt in den Fokus. Im Zuge dessen lässt sich auch eine gewisse Rehabilitierung ihres spezifischen Wahrheitsanspruches ausmachen: in Form einer Neubewertung von Dionysiosˈ Forschungsbemühungen, unter Heranziehung narrativistischer Konzepte historischer Wahrheit oder durch den Verweis auf Vorstellungen allgemeiner Wahrheiten des Historischen. Meins diskutiert diese Ansätze und formuliert die These, dass Dionysiosˈ paradigmatische Geschichte ihren Anspruch auf Wahrheit sowohl aus der sehr eigenen Vorstellung wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnis als auch aus dem Anspruch der praktischen Anwendbarkeit historischen Wissens ableitet.


Source : Franz Steiner Verlag


L. Holford-Strevens, The disputatio Chori et Praetextati. The Roman Calendar for Beginners

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Leofranc Holford-Strevens, The disputatio Chori et Praetextati. The Roman Calendar for Beginners, Turnhout, 2019.

Éditeur : Brepols
Collection : Studia Traditionis Theologiae 32
X+141 p. pages
ISBN : 978-2-503-58423-2
€45 (excl. TVA + shipping)

The first book of Macrobius' Saturnalia, written probably in the 430s AD, includes a historical exposition of the Roman calendar with a dramatic date some fifty years earlier, set in the mouth of the learned senator Vettius Agorius Praetextatus, followed by more technical detail at the request of an Egyptian named Horus, who as a foreigner is allowed to seek elementary information for which no one brought up in Roman culture would need to ask.
This text was excerpted in early medieval Ireland, with some but by no means all its pagan matter excised, to provide an introduction for those who at best understood the rules of this recent import but not the rationale for them; it is quoted by Bede as Disputatio Chori et Praetextati, Chorus being a corrupted form of Horus.
The excerpt took on a textual life of its own, which the present edition, the first devoted to the Disputatio rather than Macrobius, seeks to clarify; it examines the manuscripts and the relations between them, presents a critical edition with apparatus criticus and translation, and attaches a full-scale commentary concerned above all with the information provided in the text.


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