C. Higbie, Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World. Object Lessons

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Carolyn Higbie, Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World. Object Lessons, Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
304 pages
ISBN : 9780198759300
65 £

Collectors, Scholars, and Forgers in the Ancient World
focuses on the fascination which works of art, texts, and antiquarian objects inspired in Greeks and Romans in antiquity and draws parallels with other cultures and eras to offer contexts for understanding that fascination. Statues, bronze weapons, books, and bones might have been prized for various reasons: because they had religious value, were the work of highly regarded artists and writers, had been possessed by famous mythological figures, or were relics of a long disappeared past. However, attitudes towards these objects also changed over time: sculpture which was originally created for a religious purpose became valuable as art and could be removed from its original setting, while historians discovered value in inscriptions and other texts for supporting historical arguments and literary scholars sought early manuscripts to establish what authors really wrote. As early as the Hellenistic era, some Greeks and Romans began to collect objects and might even display them in palaces, villas, or gardens; as these objects acquired value, a demand was created for more of them, and so copyists and forgers created additional pieces - while copyists imitated existing pieces of art, sometimes adapting to their new settings, forgers created new pieces to complete a collection, fill a gap in historical knowledge, make some money, or to indulge in literary play with knowledgeable readers. The study of forged relics is able to reveal not only what artefacts the Greeks and Romans placed value on, but also what they believed they understood about their past and how they interpreted the evidence for it. Drawing on the latest scholarship on forgery and fakes, as well as a range of examples, this book combines stories about frauds with an analysis of their significance, and illuminates and explores the link between collectors, scholars, and forgers in order to offer us a way to better understand the power that objects held over the ancient Greeks and Romans.

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B. Dumézil (éd.), Le dossier Saint Léger

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Bruno Dumézil (éd.), Le dossier Saint Léger, Paris, 2017.

Éditeur : Les Belles Lettres
Collection : La roue à livres, 77
192 pages
ISBN : 9782251446509
27 €

Comment Léger, évêque franc déposé pour haute trahison dans les années 670, a-t-il mérité de parvenir à la sainteté ? Et pourquoi ce prélat controversé a-t-il donné son nom à près de 55 communes françaises ?
Composées peu de temps après sa mort, les deux premières Passions de Léger d'Autun offrent un ensemble considérable de textes pour les décennies les moins documentées de l'époque mérovingienne. Ces oeuvres empruntaient une nouvelle voie de l'hagiographie occidentale en présentant l'élimination d'un évêque influent comme un martyre authentique. Pour ses biographes, Léger constituait pourtant un personnage problématique. Aussi sa chute est-elle connue par le témoignage de ses proches, très complaisants, mais aussi par celui de ses adversaires locaux, qui ont essayé a posteriori de dissimuler leur propre responsabilité. La réhabilitation de Léger a suscité en outre la réaction de membres de factions rivales, qui entendirent affirmer la sainteté des morts de leur propre parti.

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L. Hogdson, Res Publica and the Roman Republic. "Without Body or Form"

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Louise Hogdson, Res Publica and the Roman Republic. "Without Body or Form", Oxford, 2017.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
336 pages
ISBN : 9780198777380
65 £

Res Publica and the Roman Republic tells the story of an idea - res publica - and shows us what it meant and was made to mean in the particular historical context of the late Roman Republic. Since the term was politically ubiquitous, often used emotively, and as a consequence is hard to define, the temptation to take res publica as a universally understood and relatively uncontroversial given is rarely resisted. A close look at how res publica was perceived and manipulated, however, brings into focus not just the political crises of the late Republic but also the various attempts to clean up these crises through dubiously legal (and often outright illegal) emergency measures. Although this book is at root a philological study of a political concept, it aims to make a historical point about a politically turbulent period by addressing three key questions: What did it mean for Republican politicians to appeal to the res publica? What did the increasing tendency to do so reveal about the dangerous fragmentation of political legitimacy? How did these pressures transform res publica as a concept?
Through a detailed examination of res publica as it appears in the ancient historians, orators, poets, commentaries and letters, inscriptions, and historical episodes of the late Republic and early Principate, this book demonstrates how the rhetoric surrounding res publica mirrored the changes in the Roman political landscape towards the end of the Republic.

Source : Oxford University Press


M. Flohr et A. Wilson (éd.), The Economy of Pompeii

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Miko Flohr et Andrew Wilson (éd.), The Economy of Pompeii, Oxford, 2016.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Oxford Studies on the Roman Economy
464 pages
ISBN : 9780198786573
95 £

This volume presents fourteen papers by Roman archaeologists and historians discussing approaches to the economic history of Pompeii, and the role of the Pompeian evidence in debates about the Roman economy.
Four themes are discussed. The first of these is the position of Pompeii and its agricultural environment, discussing the productivity and specialization of agriculture in the Vesuvian region, and the degree to which we can explain Pompeii's size and wealth on the basis of the city's economic hinterland. A second issue discussed is what Pompeians got out of their economy: how well-off were people in Pompeii? This involves discussing the consumption of everyday consumer goods, analyzing archaeobotanical remains to highlight the quality of Pompeian diets, and discussing what bone remains reveal about the health of the inhabitants of Pompeii. A third theme is economic life in the city: how are we to understand the evidence for crafts and manufacturing? How are we to assess Pompeii's commercial topography? Who were the people who actually invested in constructing shops and workshops? In which economic contexts were Pompeian paintings produced? Finally, the volume discusses money and business: how integrated was Pompeii into the wider world of commerce and exchange, and what can the many coins found at Pompeii tell us about this? What do the wax tablets found near Pompeii tell us about trade in the Bay of Naples in the first century AD? Together, the chapters of this volume highlight how Pompeii became a very rich community, and how it profited from its position in the centre of the Roman world.

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J.-E. Bernard (éd.), Continuité et rupture des échanges en Méditerranée

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Jacques-Emmanuel Bernard (éd.), Continuité et rupture des échanges en Méditerranée. Histoire, religion, littérature, société, Toulon, 2016.

Éditeur : Presses universitaires de Toulon
Collection : Transverses
333 pages
ISBN : 978-2-9554235-1-6
12 euros

Le présent ouvrage est issu du colloque international Medworlds 7 qui s'est tenu à l'Université de Toulon les 15 et 16 septembre 2015. Venus de différents horizons géographiques et scientifiques, les participants ont proposé, chacun selon la méthodologie propre à son champ disciplinaire, des aperçus sur la continuité ou la rupture des échanges en Méditerranée, de l'Antiquité à l'époque contemporaine.
Voir la couverture et la table des matières sur le site de l'université de Toulon.


D. Lateiner et D. Spatharas, The Ancient Emotion of Disgust

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Donald Lateiner et Dimos Spatharas (éd.), The Ancient Emotion of Disgust, Oxford, 2016.

Éditeur : Oxford University Press
Collection : Emotions of the Past
336 pages
ISBN : 9780190604110
55 £

The study of emotions and emotional displays has achieved a deserved prominence in recent classical scholarship. The emotions of the classical world can be plumbed to provide a valuable heuristic tool. Emotions can help us understand key issues of ancient ethics, ideological assumptions, and normative behaviors, but, more frequently than not, classical scholars have turned their attention to "social emotions" requiring practical decisions and ethical judgments in public and private gatherings. The emotion of disgust has been unwarrantedly neglected, even though it figures saliently in many literary genres, such as iambic poetry and comedy, historiography, and even tragedy and philosophy.


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Fabrice Galtier et Rémy Poignault (dir.), Présence de Lucain

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Fabrice Galtier et Rémy Poignault (dir.), Présence de Lucain, Clermont-Ferrand, 2016.

Éditeur : Centre de recherches André Piganiol-Présence de l'Antiquité
Collection : Caesarodunum-Présence de l'Antiquité
568 pages
ISBN : 978-2-900479-21-6


Fabrice GALTIER, Rémy POIGNAULT : Lucain : ruptures et tradition.
1. L'appropriation lucanienne de l'histoire et des mythes
Fabrice GALTIER, Le conflit entre Marius et Sylla : un souvenir traumatique dans la Pharsale - Alfredo CASAMENTO, Ripensare lo straniero. Lesbii e Parti nell'ottavo libro del Bellum ciuile di Lucano - Mattia VITELLI CASELLA, Gli eventi bellici della costa orientale dell'Adriatico nell'opera di Lucano - Pierre-Alain CALTOT, La référence au mythe dans la Pharsale : “réseaux mythiques” et interprétations prophétiques - Jean-Baptiste RIOCREUX, Numquam successu crescat honestum : ou comment écrire une épopée morale.

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